A World Genealogy Project

Tivey Family Secrets - A question of parentage ?

As early as 1575 the "Justices of the Peace" in each county were given powers to order the mothers or putative father of illegitimate children to pay for their maintenance, either directly to the mother or through the parish officials. If the father of the child was unwilling to acknowledge his responsibilities, the woman who bor ethe child might be taken before two local justices to make a statement on oath - this was known as an Examination -  She was made to admit who the father of the child was and describe the circumstances of her child's conception. The justices would then make an appropriate maintenance or affiliation order, providing the names of both parents and the amount of maintenance to be paid. In earlier times these orders were generally signed by two justices acting outside Petty Sessions, they filing copies with the Clerk of the Peace of the county. Though the process sounds harsh, it was rarely needed - between 1 and 2 % of births in  the UK were illegitimate and not ALL unmarried mothers applied for relief. This doesnt mean that sex before marriage was rare however - I cant tell you how many births of first children occur within 4 months of a marriage! The various documents pertaining to absent fathers is described below.
Bastardy Examinations were taken to identify the father of an illegitimate child. The examinations took the form of an oath by the mother as to the identity of the ‘reputed father.’ Bastardy Bonds give the details of the reputed father, or another surety, who pledge themselves to contribute to the upkeep of the illegitimate child. If the alleged father failed to make the required payments, the bond money would be forfeit. The name of the mother is given.
Bastardy Warrants were issued by local JPs for the apprehension or arrest of a reputed father, usually for refusing to make payment to support the child. These give the name of the reputed father and his parish of residence and occupation, if known. Details of the mother are also given, but the name of the child is rarely given, these were usually listed as male child or female child. Bastardy Orders were issued by local JPs and ordered the reputed father to pay maintenance for the support of his illegitimate child. Bastardy Orders provide the name of the reputed father, his parish of residence and his occupation, if known. Details of the mother are also given, but the name of the child is rarely given
The ones below are those concerning the Tivey family both from a mother and reputed father's context. I have transcribed some, but they are poor copies and transcrbing takes a lot of time, so contact me for copies via email, no charge. If the are in Green  I have trascribed them.
Mother last Mother First DATE Parish County Father's Name & occupation etc Sex of Child
Sneap (Snape) Lydia 1812 Melbourne Derbyshire Thomas Tivey, Frame Work Knitter (husband of Catherine Dent) Lydia was 14/15 years old at the time, and Thomas was married with children.  She married 10 years later to John Barton, and then married William Warren in 1829 after John's death. After being widowed yet again she married John Moore at Derby St Peter in 1842. Male
Hetherley Elizabeth 1816 Shepshed Leicestershire William Tivey  ((they married shortly after the examiniation)) Child was thought to be the eldest child William, born 1816 in Shepshed Male
Tivey Elizabeth 1812 Melbourne Derbyshire Edward Bottomor of Leicester - the child is thought to be Maria Tivey who was apprenticed out in 1822 to Henry Fisher of Tipton Staffordshire; Female
Winfield Ann 1828 Melbourne Derbyshire Edwin Tivey, Frame Work Knitter - The child was named John but died in infancy ** Ann Winfield was 15 at the time. She also had a further 2 illegitimate children - Leonard in 1831 - father Thomas Gregory, Boatman and another child named John in 1834 (father unnamed) both appear in the baptisms register at Melbourne - both children died before the age of 4 years. Male
Tivey Mary 1823 Melbourne Derbyshire John Higgins - the child was thought to be Jane Tivey who married Samuel Jackson in 1840. Mary was the daughter of Thomas Tivey and Catherine Dent of Group 2, she married William Fairbrother, her cousin in 1827 Female
Tivey Mary 1826 Melbourne Derbyshire Father was William Elliott - Mary was the daughter Thomas Tivey and Catherine Dent. The child was named Frederick and took the name of Fairbrother when Mary married her cousin William Fairbrother in 1827 Male
Boyer Sarah 1796 Markfield Leicestershire William Tivey - The child was named Elizabeth and died at the age of 11- William & Sarah married in 1797, he was a widow. Sarah then remarried to Thomas Willimott in 1816 Female